TYPES OF FISHING
There are two main categories for fishing: salt water fishing and fresh water
fishing. Both are different in that the equipment used is not the same and the
fish you will catch are not the same. You will learn in later chapters the
difference between these types of fishing and how to choose the one that is
right for you.
POPULAR PLACES TO FISH FOR BEGINERS
There are many places people like to fish. These may be places where they
fished with their families, new places they have recently discovered, or public
places that boast a large variety of fish. Some of the most popular places
people like to fish include:
• Local lakes and streams
• Ocean (on a boat or in a marina, dock fishing)
• Fish and pay lakes
• Rivers and creek beds
When choosing a place to fish, you will need to do your homework. Unless
you live in a community that supports its own fishing lake, you may have to
get a fishing license in order to fish in certain areas.
OBTAINING A FISHING LICENSE
Depending on where you live, there may be restrictions on where you can
fish. While there are plenty of lakes and streams in most areas, they may be
situated on private property or they may be government owned and
operated. This means that the government will allow you to fish as long as
you have a license.
License fees allow the government to stock lakes and streams and protect
the wildlife, land, and other areas that surround the lake. It is important to
research the area you live in before heading off to the lake. If you are unsure
about a certain area, call your local parks and recreation department to see if
the lake is government operated.
Obtaining a fishing license is easy. After filling out paperwork, showing proper
identification and proof that you live in the area, and paying the fee (fees will
usually cover a season of fishing), you will receive your license. Children
under the age of ten usually do not need a license as long as you have one.
You may also need a fishing license:
• If you live near the ocean, you may need to obtain a salt water fishing
license as fishing in lakes and streams requires a fresh water fishing
• If you plan on fishing outside your home state on a fishing trip. Some
states require fishing licenses, while others do not. Some states may
issue you a temporary license for the days you will be fishing.
• To compete in fishing competitions, you may need the proper licenses
in order to show that you are allowed to fish in the area.
Along with a fishing license, you should also familiarize yourself with the rules
state governments have for fishermen. Many times, fish under a certain
length (usually 7inches) are considered too young to be caught and will need
to be thrown back. Understanding this rule and following it will help you have
a better time while fishing.
If you catch a young fish, unhook it and return it to the water. If you are
caught with fish that are below the legal limits, you can be fined and have
your fishing license revoked.
FISH AND PAY LAKES
Since these lakes are owned by another person, you do not need a fishing
license to fish in them. These lakes are constantly stocked with fish which
increase your chances of catching something. Most fish and pay lakes require
that you pay for each fish you catch, pay by the hour, or pay a flat fee for the
While you can bring your own equipment, many fish and pay lakes sell
equipment including fishing poles, bait, hooks, fishing line, and nets.
Everything You Always Wanted to Know about Fishing- 9
If you are new to fishing and don’t want to obtain a fishing license until you
are sure this is a hobby you want to pursue, visiting a fish and pay lake may
give you the exposure to fishing you need in order to decide if this is the
FISHING ON PRIVATE PROPERTY
For the most part, those who own the land surrounding the stream or lake do
not mind that you fish as long as you don’t disturb the natural beauty by
leaving trash and other objects behind.
A word of warning: If you see ‘No Trespassing’ signs anywhere on the
property, you should not fish there. You could be arrested and pay a huge
Fishing in the ocean is considered salt water fishing. Depending on where you
live, you may or may not need a license because your property taxes may
cover the expense of keeping the ocean and surrounding land areas clean.
Ocean fishing will require you to learn how to use weights, floaters, and other
equipment to attract the different types of fish that live in the ocean. This
type of fishing may be easier to learn than fresh water fishing because you
usually stay in one place for a longer amount of time.
REASONS TO FISH
There are many reasons why people like to fish. Common reasons include:
• Spending time outdoors
• Being on a boat
• Relaxing on the water
• Spending time with friends and family
• Learning a new skill
• Teaching others how to fish
• Catching fish
• Trying out new equipment
• Reducing stress
If you looking for an outdoor hobby that does not cost much, then fishing
may the one for you.
FISHING WITH CHILDREN
For many children, spending time with a parent while learning a new skill is
an adventure. While some children may not want to bait their hook, most do
enjoy learning how to cast their fishing line into the water and waiting for
that first bite.
When teaching children how to fish, you should keep the following in mind:
• Children should be at least six years old
• Attention span of children is less or more depending on the child
• Always be patient while children are learning
• Don’t plan on spending the entire day fishing
• Watch children around the water
• Try to make the experience as pleasant as possible
If your children enjoy fishing, then you may have found the perfect activity to
participate in on the weekend or on family vacations. If your children don’t
enjoy fishing, then you may need to find another activity.